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Brexit

Britain struggles on two fronts to agree last-ditch #Brexit deal

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Negotiators struggled on Wednesday (16 October) to clinch an eleventh-hour Brexit deal on the eve of an EU summit, raising the chances that Prime Minister Boris Johnson will have to seek an extension of the 31 October deadline for Britain’s exit from the bloc, jiktbu Gabriela Baczynska u Padraic Halpin.

Talks in Brussels on Tuesday (15 October) between European Union and British officials ran into the night and resumed just hours later, but Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar said there were still “many issues” to be resolved.

Although differences over the complex divorce between the world’s fifth-largest economy and its biggest trading bloc have narrowed significantly, EU sources reported on Wednesday that the two sides had reached a “standstill”.

This was partly because of objections to a proposal on customs from a small Northern Ireland political party whose votes Johnson will likely need to get a Brexit deal through parliament.

The main sticking point in the long-running talks with Brussels over Brexit, which has already been delayed twice, is the border between EU member Ireland and the British province of Northern Ireland.

The question is how to prevent the frontier becoming a backdoor into the EU’s single market without erecting controls which could undermine the 1998 peace agreement that ended decades of conflict in the province.

London’s latest proposal envisages Northern Ireland staying in the UK customs area. Tariffs would apply on goods crossing from mainland Britain to Northern Ireland if they were deemed to be headed further, to Ireland and the bloc’s single market.

Any approval by European Union leaders at their Thursday-Friday summit in Brussels of a last-minute Brexit deal could only be conditional on the British House of Commons approving it later, said three diplomats with the bloc.

If Johnson is to get a deal through parliament, where he does not have a majority, he is likely to need the support of the Northern Irish Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), which says maintaining the economic integrity of the United Kingdom is sacrosanct.

Pro-Brexit lawmakers from Johnson’s governing Conservative Party say they will only back deal if it has gained the support of the DUP, which fears Northern Ireland could be left behind in the EU’s orbit when Britain leaves.

Officials in London described the demands of the three different parties - the EU, Conservative Brexit supporters and the DUP - as trying fit together the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle.

Johnson held talks with the DUP and pro-Brexit Conservatives on Tuesday and did so again on Wednesday, trying to find a way to soothe their concerns over any compromise he offers to the EU to try to secure a deal.

A central figure in the 2016 referendum who came to power as leader of the Conservative Party in July, Johnson has pledged to take Britain out of the EU on 31 October with or without a deal.

Iżda l-parlament għadda liġi li tgħid li l-Gran Brittanja ma tistax titlaq mingħajr ftehim, u Johnson ma spjegax kif jista 'jdur madwar dak.

Ireland’s Varadkar said in a speech that if the remaining issues cannot be resolved before this week’s EU summit, there was still time left to act before the 31 October deadline.

“October 31 is still a few weeks away and there is the possibility of an additional summit before that if we need one ... Although time is running short, I am confident that (Ireland’s) objectives can be met,” he said.

EU diplomats said negotiators in Brussels were at odds over Britain’s application of common EU rules and standards designed to ensure fair competition - known as the ‘level playing field’ - and a future trade deal between Britain and the EU.

“The UK wants us to legally commit to sealing a free trade agreement with them in the future that would be tariff-free and quota-free. But we can’t do that, it would be prejudging the future negotiations and tying our hands,” one diplomat said.

“So it’s a bit of a standstill at the moment.”

Reports of a possible collapse in negotiations hit sterling and stocks in London.

The currency then rose on reports that the DUP had accepted the latest plan but that was swiftly shot down by the party’s head Arlene Foster.

Britain’s Brexit minister, Steve Barclay, said he would not accept a Brexit delay beyond 31 October, even if it was only used to tie up the necessary legal requirements of an agreement.

Barring a last-minute agreement at the summit, the EU believes Britain will have to delay its departure once again. Extension options range from an additional month beyond 31 October to half a year or more.

The bloc may hold an emergency summit later in October to either approve a deal, grant an extension or make final preparations for a chaotic split.

Brexit

Il-Gran Brittanja tistenna ġimgħa "sinifikanti ħafna" għal taħditiet dwar il-Brexit hekk kif l-arloġġ jimxi 'l isfel

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Il-Gran Brittanja u l-Unjoni Ewropea sejrin lejn ġimgħa "sinifikanti ħafna", qal il-Ministru għall-Affarijiet Barranin Ingliż Dominic Raab nhar il-Ħadd (29 ta 'Novembru), hekk kif taħditiet dwar ftehim kummerċjali jidħlu fl-aħħar jiem tagħhom b'differenzi serji li għad iridu jiġu solvuti, jikteb .

In-negozjatur tal-UE Michel Barnier qal lill-ġurnalisti f'Londra li "x-xogħlijiet ikomplu, anke nhar il-Ħadd" fi triqtu għal sessjoni ta 'negozjati, hekk kif iż-żewġ naħat ifittxu ftehim biex jipprevjenu tfixkil għal kważi $ 1 triljun (752 biljun lira) ta' kummerċ fl-aħħar ta ' Diċembru.

"Din hija ġimgħa sinifikanti ħafna, l-aħħar ġimgħa maġġuri reali, suġġetta għal kwalunkwe posponiment ulterjuri ... aħna ninsabu verament għal żewġ kwistjonijiet bażiċi," qal Raab lill-BBC.

Minkejja li neqsin diversi skadenzi imposti minnhom infushom, in-negozjati naqsu milli jnaqqsu d-differenzi dwar il-politika tal-kompetizzjoni u d-distribuzzjoni tad-drittijiet tas-sajd.

Iżda l-ftehim tranżitorju tal-ħruġ mill-UE tal-Gran Brittanja - li matulu jkomplu japplikaw ir-regoli tal-blokk - jiskadi fil-31 ta 'Diċembru, u l-Gran Brittanja tgħid li mhix se tfittex estensjoni. Ftehim ikollu jiġi rratifikat miż-żewġ naħat, u jħalli ftit ħin għal dewmien ġdid.

"L-aħħar linja hija ... fil-kors ordinarju tal-affarijiet li rridu nagħmlu ftehim matul il-ġimgħa d-dieħla jew forsi ftit ġranet oħra wara dan," qal Raab lil Times Radio f'intervista separata.

Preċedentement, huwa kien wera xi progress fid-dispożizzjonijiet ta '' kundizzjonijiet ekwi 'li jfittxu li jiżguraw kompetizzjoni ġusta bejn il-Gran Brittanja u l-UE, u qal li s-sajd jibqa' l-iktar kwistjoni diffiċli biex tissolva.

Minkejja li jammonta għal 0.1% tal-ekonomija Ingliża, id-drittijiet tas-sajd saru kwistjoni totemika għaż-żewġ naħat. Il-Gran Brittanja s’issa rrifjutat il-proposti tal-UE u tibqa ’sod li bħala nazzjon indipendenti għandu jkollha kontroll sħiħ tal-ilmijiet tagħha.

"L-UE għadhom kemm iridu jirrikonoxxu l-punt ta 'prinċipju hawnhekk," qal Raab Times Radio.

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Brexit: 'Franchement, ma nistax ngħidlek jekk ikunx hemm ftehim' von der Leyen 

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Waqt li kienet qed tindirizza lill-Parlament Ewropew dalgħodu (25 ta 'Novembru) il-President tal-Kummissjoni Ewropea Ursula von der Leyen qalet li ma tistax tgħid jekk l-UE tkunx tista' tilħaq ftehim mar-Renju Unit dwar ir-relazzjoni futura tagħha qabel l-aħħar tas-sena. Hija qalet li n-naħa tal-UE kienet lesta li tkun kreattiva, iżda li ma tpoġġi l-integrità tas-Suq Uniku inkwistjoni. 

Filwaqt li kien hemm progress ġenwin dwar numru ta 'mistoqsijiet importanti, bħall-infurzar tal-liġi, il-kooperazzjoni ġudizzjarja, il-koordinazzjoni tas-sigurtà soċjali u t-trasport, von der Leyen qal li t-tliet suġġetti' kruċjali 'tal-kundizzjonijiet ekwi, governanza u sajd baqgħu jiġu solvuti.

L-UE qed tfittex mekkaniżmi robusti biex tiżgura li l-kompetizzjoni mar-Renju Unit tibqa 'ħielsa u ġusta maż-żmien. Din mhix xi ħaġa li l-UE tista 'tiskala, minħabba l-prossimità tagħha u l-iskala tar-rabtiet kummerċjali eżistenti u l-integrazzjoni fil-katini tal-provvista tal-UE. Ir-Renju Unit sal-lum kien ambigwu dwar kif se jiddevja min-normi Ewropej li ma kellux rwol żgħir fit-tfassil, iżda l-loġika tal-partitarji tal-Brexit hija li r-Renju Unit jista ’jsir aktar kompetittiv permezz tad-deregolazzjoni; punt ta 'vista li ovvjament iġiegħel lil xi msieħba ta' l-UE xi ftit ma jifilħux.

"Il-fiduċja hija tajba, iżda l-liġi hija aħjar"

Il-ħtieġa għal impenji u rimedji legali ċari saret iktar qawwija wara d-deċiżjoni tar-Renju Unit li jintroduċi Abbozz tas-Suq Intern li jinkludi dispożizzjonijiet li jippermettulu jiddevja minn partijiet tal-Protokoll Irlanda / Irlanda ta ’Fuq. Von der Leyen qal li governanza b'saħħitha kienet essenzjali fid- "dawl ta 'l-esperjenza riċenti".

Sajd

Dwar is-sajd, von der Leyen qal li ħadd ma kkontesta s-sovranità tar-Renju Unit tal-ilmijiet tiegħu stess, iżda ddeċieda li l-UE kellha bżonn "prevedibbiltà u garanziji għas-sajjieda u n-nisa tas-sajjieda li ilhom ibaħħru f'dawn l-ilmijiet għal għexieren ta 'snin, jekk mhux sekli".

Von der Leyen irringrazzja lill-parlament għall-appoġġ u l-fehim tagħhom fid-diffikultajiet li ġie ppreżentat lilhom ftehim tard bħal dan. Ftehim finali se jkun twil bosta mijiet ta 'paġni u jeħtieġ li jkun imnaddaf legalment u tradutturi; dan mhux probabbli li jkun lest sas-sessjoni plenarja li jmiss tal-Parlament Ewropew f'nofs Diċembru. Ġeneralment huwa rikonoxxut li jekk ftehim għandu jasal għal plenarja fit-28 ta 'Diċembru jkun hemm bżonn. Von der Leyen qal: "Aħna se nimxu dawk l-aħħar mili flimkien."

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Brexit

Ir-Renju Unit se jibqa 'mexxej globali għall-immaniġġjar tal-assi wara Brexit: Sunak

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Il-Ministru tal-Finanzi Ingliż Rishi Sunak (stampa) qal nhar it-Tlieta (24 ta 'Novembru) li kien determinat li r-Renju Unit jibqa' mexxej globali għall-immaniġġjar tal-assi wara Brexit, jikteb William Schomberg.

“Qed nibdew relazzjoni ġdida mal-UE. U hekk kif nagħmlu hekk, aħna determinati li r-Renju Unit se jibqa 'mexxej globali għall-immaniġġjar tal-assi, "qal Sunak f'kummenti għal konferenza organizzata minn The Investment Association, grupp tal-industrija.

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