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#Libanu - L-UE tagħti għajnuna addizzjonali ta 'emerġenza wara l-isplużjoni f'Beirut

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It-tieni titjira tal-pont tal-Ajru Umanitarju tal-Unjoni Ewropea (UE) niżlet f'Bejrut, il-Libanu, u wasslet 12-il tunnellata ta 'provvisti umanitarji essenzjali u tagħmir mediku, inkluż sptar mobbli u maskri tal-wiċċ. L-ispiża tat-trasport tat-titjira hija kompletament koperta mill-UE, filwaqt li l-merkanzija ġiet ipprovduta mill-awtoritajiet Spanjoli, il-Fondazzjoni Philips u l-Università ta 'Antwerp.

Il-Kummissarju għall-Ġestjoni tal-Kriżijiet Janez Lenarčič qal: "L-UE tkompli tappoġġja l-Libanu bl-iktar għajnuna meħtieġa. Aħna wassalna 29 tunnellata ta 'provvisti essenzjali mill-isplużjoni, kif ukoll aktar minn € 64 miljun f'finanzjament ta' emerġenza. Il-gratitudni tiegħi tmur għall-pajjiżi Ewropej kollha u l-imsieħba tagħna fuq il-post li wrew is-solidarjetà tagħhom mal-Libanu f'dan iż-żmien diffiċli billi offrew appoġġ kruċjali. "

Il-materjal ikkunsinnat se jgħin lill-aktar vulnerabbli bi bżonnijiet mediċi wara l-isplużjoni fil-port ta 'Beirut u l-intensifikazzjoni tal-coronavirus pandemic. Dan huwa t-tieni Pont tal-Ajru Umanitarju organizzat mill-UE, wara l-ewwel wieħed fit-13 ta 'Awwissu.

Sfond

L-isplużjonijiet devastanti fil-kapitali Beirut fl-4 ta ’Awwissu poġġew pressjoni addizzjonali fuq is-sistema tas-saħħa Lebaniża, li kienet diġà taħt pressjoni qawwija minħabba l-pandemija tal-coronavirus.

Wara l-isplużjonijiet immedjatament, 20 pajjiż Ewropew offrew għajnuna speċjalizzata fit-tfittxija u s-salvataġġ, valutazzjoni kimika u timijiet mediċi kif ukoll tagħmir mediku u assistenza oħra permezz tal-Mekkaniżmu tal-Protezzjoni Ċivili tal-UE. Fit-13 ta 'Awwissu, l-ewwel titjira ta' l-Ajru Umanitarju ta 'l-UE tat aktar minn 17-il tunnellata ta' provvisti umanitarji, mediċini u tagħmir mediku.

Minbarra l-assistenza in natura, l-UE mmobilizzat aktar minn € 64m għall-ewwel ħtiġijiet ta 'emerġenza, appoġġ u tagħmir mediku, u protezzjoni ta' infrastruttura kritika. Dawn il-fondi se jgħinu wkoll biex jirrispondu għall-ħtiġijiet umanitarji l-aktar urġenti tal-abitanti l-aktar vulnerabbli ta 'Beirut milquta mill-isplużjonijiet devastanti.

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Pont tal-Ajru Umanitarju tal-UE

Mekkaniżmu tal-UE għall-Protezzjoni Ċivili

EU

Deal signed to help protect thousands of indigenuous peoples

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Russia’s metals and mining giant Nornickel has signed a cooperation agreement with the associations representing the indigenous peoples of the Taimyr Peninsula, a remote Arctic land dubbed “the last frontier of Russia” offering a five-year support programme worth 2 billion roubles (over €22 million at the current exchange rate), jikteb Martin Banek.

This big move shows that the mining company is engaging with the indigenous communities of the areas where it operates. The issue has come under the spotlight recently after another global miner Rio Tinto faced outrage after it had destroyed a 46,000-year-old Indigenous heritage site in Western Australia.

The Nornickel’s support programme, signed on Friday, includes a wide range of initiatives aimed at protecting the natural habitat and supporting indigenous peoples’ traditional activities.

The money will be used to build new homes, hospitals, schools, for infrastructural and cultural projects.

The initiative was drawn up after 100 interviews and various polls of the indigenous communities. Priority areas for support were identified as the creation of seasonal jobs in tourism and other industries, reindeer husbandry, fishing and hunting. The 40 new initiatives also include workshops for reindeer and fish processing, purchase of refrigeration units, construction of an ethnical complex with workshops for fur processing and subsidises of helicopter transportation.

Nornickel Federal and Regional Programmes Vice President Andrey Grachev said the programme is aimed at “stimulating the economic activity of the indigenous peoples and facilitating the use of renewable resources – the basis of their traditional lifestyle”.

He added: “Nornickel has a long history of close cooperation with organizations representing the interests of indigenous communities in the regions of our operations, ensuring transparency in decision-making and that joint projects are implemented in the most efficient manner possible.”

Further comment comes from Grigory Ledkov, President of the Association of Indigenous Minorities of the North in Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation, who said the agreement “can serve as an example for other companies, as it emphasizes the importance of preserving the habitat of indigenous people and protecting our values and traditions.”

He said that gathering opinions of indigenous populations was “a huge step in the right direction and will serve as a model for future projects of this kind”.

The results of this exercise, he said: “Will help develop initiatives which will be of paramount importance for indigenous populations.

“This agreement will help us find new joint approaches to sustainable living and working in the North, as well as resolve other pressing issues facing local communities.”

The company already offers a range of support in the region ranging from air transportation, the procurement of building materials and diesel fuel, as well as cultural events and celebrations.

The agreement was signed in Moscow by Grachev and Ledkov along with Artur Gayulsky, President of the Regional Association of Indigenous Peoples of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, and Grigory Dyukarev, Chairman of the Association of Indigenous Minorities of Taimyr, Krasnoyarsk Territory.

Nornickel, the world’s largest producer of palladium and high-grade nickel, has already invested 277m roubles (over €3m) between 2018 and 2020 towards support and development of the regions.

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COVID-19 se jibdel l-attitudnijiet tar-Renju Unit lejn l-immigrazzjoni għall-ġid?

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During the lead up to the Brexit vote in 2016, political debate in the UK was often focused on immigration, with the migrant crisis reaching its peak just a year prior. And whilst perhaps not the sole reason as to why the UK public voted to leave the EU, it’s evident that concerns surrounding immigration had a significant impact writes Reanna Smith.

But fast forward four years, three prime ministers, an endless slog of negotiations and a global pandemic, and it’s clear that Britain isn’t the same country it was during the 2016 referendum. The UK is just now seeing what leaving the European Union will mean, with the ġdid proposed immigration rules set to come into place at the start of 2021, but the debate surrounding immigration has changed dramatically in the wake of coronavirus.

Skond IPSOS MORI, immigration has been one of the top issues concerning the UK public for years, but with the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic, it’s suddenly dropped from the top 10 list altogether. It's no surprise that COVID-19 has taken the top spot, but there’s evidence to suggest that immigration has disappeared because of the way that the pandemic has changed attitudes towards the issue massively.

COVID-19 has highlighted just how important immigrants are to the country, making up a large number of the “key workers” at the frontline of the response to the pandemic. According to the most recent report from the House of Commons, there’s over 169,000 non-British staff in the NHS making up a large 13.8% of our health service. Not only have immigrants been vital to saving lives during the pandemic in the UK, but they’ve also been affected more than anyone else in the country. Amnesty International recently revealed that throughout the pandemic the UK has had one of the highest death rates amongst healthcare workers, with BAME (black, Asian, and Minority-ethnic) workers being disproportionately affected by this. This was a fact further highlighted when it was revealed in April that the 10 doctors, all of whom were immigrants, had died from coronavirus. So, whilst COVID has devastated many people, there’s no dispute that immigrants working in the NHS and health care system have taken a disproportionate hit.

It’s also clear that this immense sacrifice has had an effect on public opinion and policy in the UK, in 2016 one in three members of the UK population saw immigration as a top issue. But from April to July immigration had almost dropped off the political agenda. As immigrants became the heroes of the pandemic, tabloid headlines shifted from vilifying migrants għal praising them for their contributions. At the same time, MP’s began calling for foreign NHS workers to have their visas extended for free and the public was outraged that those fighting to save lives were having to pay a surcharge to use the very same system they played a key role in. This eventually resulted in Boris Johnson announcing he would scrap the £400-a-year fees.

As well as this, the new immigration rules have come under fire for being hypocritical of the government's “key worker” list. The new points-based system will require immigrants to have a job offer with a salary of at least £25,600 to be granted the title of “skilled worker” and be eligible for a Tier 2 Work Visa. Many occupations considered vital during the last 6 months don’t come with salaries high enough to fit this requirement. A massive 58% of EU born and 49% of non-EU born full-time key workers aged 25 to 64 would not qualify for a Tier 2 Visa under the newly proposed immigration rules.

Despite changing public attitudes, and shifting immigration policies, August saw a spike in anti-immigrant sentiment as a record number of asylum seekers crossing the English Channel saw the UK media and politicians put immigration on the top of the agenda once again.

Boris Johnson has hinted at tighter immigration and asylum laws, biss four months after his life was saved by two immigrant nurses when he contracted the virus himself. Painting immigration as a big issue now may be down to the impending economic recession that the UK faces, as the government looks to push the blame onto anyone but themselves. Ironically, immigrants could prove very necessary to help the country recover economically, and tighter restrictions would mean too few immigrants in sectors like healthcare, education, and hospitality.

Despite the move towards more negative perceptions once again by the media and politicians, it’s too early yet to tell whether the public will follow suit. The pandemic has taught the UK many things but perhaps most importantly, it’s taught us that the economic value of human beings it most definitely not a reflection of the value these same people may hold to society. The post-pandemic landscape should reflect the UK's appreciation for immigrants, but the proposed changes fail to do this.

Reanna Smith writes for the Immigration Advice Service, a team of dedicated lawyers that offer advice and assistance with a variety of immigration issues.

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Il-Kummissjoni Ewropea tappella s-sentenza tal-qorti Ewropea favur #Apple

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Il-Kummissjoni Ewropea se tappella s-sentenza tal-Qorti Ewropea tal-Ġustizzja li annullat id-deċiżjoni tagħhom ta ’Awwissu 2016 dwar ir-riċeviment minn Apple ta’ dik li huma jqisu bħala għajnuna mill-istat illegali mogħtija mill-Irlanda fil-forma ta ’tnaqqis fiskali selettiv.

Il-każ idur fuq il-kwistjoni kritika tal-kompetenza tal-UE fi kwistjonijiet tat-taxxa li ġeneralment huma mħarsa mill-Istati Membri b'ġelu. Il-Kummissjoni Ewropea tikkunsidra li fis-sentenza tagħha l-Qorti Ġenerali għamlet numru ta ’żbalji ta’ liġi.

Il-Kummissjoni ttenni li din mhix kwistjoni li tiddetermina politika tat-taxxa tal-pajjiżi tal-UE, hija prinċipalment kwistjoni ta 'vantaġġ selettiv: "Jekk l-istati membri jagħtu lil ċerti kumpaniji multinazzjonali vantaġġi fiskali mhux disponibbli għar-rivali tagħhom, dan jagħmel ħsara lill-kompetizzjoni ġusta fl-Unjoni Ewropea bi ksur tar-regoli dwar l-għajnuna mill-Istat. "

Il-Kummissjoni tgħid li għandhom jużaw l-għodda kollha għad-dispożizzjoni tagħhom biex jiżguraw li l-kumpaniji jħallsu s-sehem ġust tagħhom tat-taxxa. Fid-dikjarazzjoni tagħha, il-Kummissarju u issa l-Viċi President Eżekuttiv Margrethe Vestager (isaffru) jagħmel rabta ċara bejn il-każ Apple u t-tassazzjoni ġusta b'mod ġenerali, u jiddikjara li s-sistema inġusta ċċaħħad lit-teżori nazzjonali mid-dħul: "Il-borża pubblika u ċ-ċittadini huma mċaħħda minn fondi għal investimenti tant meħtieġa - li l-ħtieġa tagħhom hija saħansitra aktar akuta issa biex nappoġġjaw l-irkupru ekonomiku ta 'l-Ewropa. "

tassazzjoni ġusta

Vestager jgħid ukoll li l-UE teħtieġ tkompli bl-isforzi tagħha biex tistabbilixxi l-leġiżlazzjoni t-tajba biex tindirizza l-lakuni u tiżgura t-trasparenza, u tmiss il-kwistjoni usa 'ta' kundizzjonijiet indaqs għan-negozji: "Hemm aktar xogħol quddiem - inkluż biex tkun żgur li n-negozji kollha, inklużi dawk diġitali, iħallsu s-sehem ġust tagħhom tat-taxxa fejn hi dovuta. ”

L-Irlanda ssostni li l-ebda għajnuna mill-istat ma ngħatat lil Apple

Il-Ministru għall-Finanzi tal-Irlanda u l-President tal-Grupp tal-Euro, Paschal Donohoe innota d-dikjarazzjoni tal-Kummissjoni u qal: “L-Irlanda dejjem sostniet, li ma ngħatat l-ebda għajnuna mill-Istat u li l-fergħat Irlandiżi tal-kumpaniji rilevanti tat-tuffieħ ħallsu l-ammont sħiħ ta’ taxxa dovuta mal-liġi. Appell lill-QtĠ-UE għandu jkun fuq punt, jew punti, tal-liġi. "

“L-Irlanda dejjem kienet ċara li tħallas l-ammont korrett ta’ taxxa Irlandiża u li l-Irlanda ma pprovdiet l-ebda għajnuna mill-istat lil Apple. L-Irlanda appellat id-Deċiżjoni tal-Kummissjoni fuq dik il-bażi u s-sentenza mill-Qorti Ġenerali ta 'l-Unjoni Ewropea tiġġustifika din il-pożizzjoni. "

Donohoe jistma li l-proċess ta ’appell jista’ jieħu sa sentejn biex jitlesta. Sadanittant il-fondi fi Depożitu ser jinħarġu biss meta jkun hemm determinazzjoni finali fil-Qrati Ewropej dwar il-validità tad-Deċiżjoni tal-Kummissjoni.

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